​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Students, please note:  CampusWeb is the authoritative source for class information, so please refer to CampusWeb when making final registration ​​decisions.​​

 Term 1



REQ7186http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1797REQ7186Legislation and Regulation SurveyThis course will provide students an introduction to the legislative process, regulatory agencies, and agency law-making. Students will learn to navigate modern U.S. government institutions and processes, with a particular emphasis on the legislative process and the administrative state. Key topics include the structure and animating principles of the U.S. system of government, the relationship between the federal government and the States, the legislative law-making process, the nature and scope of administrative agency authority, the diverse modes of agency law-making and other decision-making, and the procedures and standards governing court review of legislative measures and agency actions. Approved for Master's credit only.GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1797
ENV5105http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1798ENV5105Administrative LawThe goal of Administrative Law is to provide students with a working knowledge of the general principles of administrative law, a general knowledge of the workings of bureaucratic institutions, and an understanding of the critiques of government. The course examines the implementation of legislative policy through administrative agencies, including the role of administrative agencies in the governmental process, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions. Approved for JD credit. GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1798
ENV5220http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1799ENV5220Environmental Economics and Markets<div>The course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1799
ENV5212http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1800ENV5212Climate Change and the Law<div>Climate change is the most profound social and environmental issue of the 21st century. This course will integrate the emerging science and law of climate change along with economic and intergenerational equity aspects of the problem. We will consider how existing federal laws such as the Clean Air Act and NEPA may be used to address climate change as well as how new more comprehensive laws may be fashioned. Different policy instruments will be considered including carbon taxes and emissions trading. State and regional approaches will be considered along with questions of federalism and preemption. Both supply-side and demand-side energy options will be evaluated, along with the transportation and land use sectors. Measures to reduce tropical deforestation and wetland loss will be included. Corporate responsibility, risk disclosures, and the role of socially responsible institutional investors will be examined. The development of new international agreements in a "post-Kyoto" world will be reviewed. Guest speakers will provide a variety of perspectives.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1800
ENV5214http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1801ENV5214Climate Change Mitigation<div>The heat is on, in the courts as well as the biosphere. Seeking to prod faster governmental response to the growing menace of climate change, advocates are turning to a variety of different legal, advocacy, and technological methods to reduce carbon and other greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere and reduce the overall impact of climate change on the planet. Climate litigation has brought together an intriguing coalition of states, environmentalists, and "green" economic interests. Emboldened by the landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Massachusetts v. EPA, federal courts across the country have handed down a number of important decisions with more to come. Using these decisions and new found powers of the federal and state government, as well as increased technological experimentation, students will consider whether climate change can be mitigated, whether geoengineering and geoforming practices can make a difference, or whether the tide has turned.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1801
ENV5226http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1802ENV5226Energy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained World<div>The energy industry is both a key to the life that billions seek and America's most significant source of pollution. Environmental problems are the energy industry's most important constraint. This course examines key issues in American energy policy, and searches for ways to resolve or ease the strains, which that policy puts upon environmental sustainability. We will review fundamental facts about our energy demands and sample regulatory orders and legal writings that address many of those elements from the perspective of a legal review. Background readings will include ethical issues of social justice in siting projects and meeting-- or limiting--energy demand, the statutory schemes underlying traditional regulation, and an introduction to wholesale electric markets.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1802
ENV5344http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1803ENV5344Alternative Fuels and Renewable Energy<div>Our world is fundamentally dependent on energy flows, yet the fuels and sources that have sustained us for the last century all seem to be showing tight limits or tragic flaws. This course, taught by a former administrative law judge for the California Public Utility Commission, explores the emerging field of renewable and alternative energy supplies. It reviews local, state, and federal laws and policies that promote (and impede) such sources, and considers emerging distributed generation models. Turning to technology-specific evaluations, it surveys the range of emerging technologies and looks in depth into some specific models of high potential or value, concluding with consideration of proposed strategies for reducing greenhouse gases.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1803
ENV5108http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1804ENV5108Introduction to the Law and Policy of Agriculture, Food and the EnvironmentGP0|#f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145;L0|#0f15c3943-aac0-407d-90dd-aa9431625145|Fall 2017 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1804

 Term 2



ENV5122http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1805ENV5122Communication, Advocacy and Leadership<div>A successful environmental professional should possess the ability to advocate, counsel, investigate, persuade, research, and educate. This course will develop those skills through various writing and oral advocacy projects. In addition to other writing projects, students will compose a Freedom of Information Act request, draft a public comment letter, write a grant proposal letter of inquiry, and create an environmental communication campaign. Different skills will be emphasized through the exploration of these diverse types of writing. The class will focus extensively on the craft of writing well.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1805
ENV5115http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1806ENV5115Environmental Law<div>This course is an introduction to the law of pollution control, management of hazardous materials, and preservation of natural resources, with a particular emphasis on major federal environmental statutes, including the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Superfund. The contrasting regulatory mechanisms in the different statutes, with consideration given to the economic and ethical assumptions underlying the different approaches, and the resolution of environmental problems through private litigation, federal regulation, economic incentive systems, and judicial review of administrative decisions are examined.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1806
ADR6415http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1807ADR6415Environmental Dispute Resolution<div>This course explores the characteristics of environmental disputes, examines alternative dispute resolution processes (including mediation, arbitration, negotiated rulemaking, and facilitation), and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts, including ones involving environmental regulation and compliance, remediation of contaminated property, land use, and climate change. This course will use simulations to explore a range of dispute resolution processes and the role of impartial third parties and lawyers in these processes. The instructor will use numerous case studies and extensive experience as an environmental mediator and facilitator. Students should be prepared to actively engage in each class session.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1807
ENV5235http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1808ENV5235Natural Resources Law<div>One third of the nation's land base belongs to the American public and is managed by the United States Forest Service and agencies of the Department of the Interior. The federal lands provide significant wildlife habitat and clean water, and are important sources of timber, forage, and energy. They also offer opportunities for recreation. Through this course students will examine the statutes and regulations governing the management of the federal lands and their resources. Students will consider the historical, political, and ecological influences on the law and management of these resources. They will also be introduced to the agencies with jurisdiction over the components of the federal estate.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1808
ENV5336http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1809ENV5336Climate Change, Extinction and Adaptation<div>Human activities are causing a global mass extinction of plants and animals that rivals the five great extinction events over the earth's geologic history. Historically, habitat loss, overharvest, introduction of invasive species, and pollution has been the principal causes of this "Sixth Great Extinction." There is now a strong scientific consensus that the greatest threat to global biodiversity is climate change caused by anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide. Some scientists estimate that a third to a half of all species on earth may disappear by the end of this century unless atmospheric concentrations of GHG are stabilized over the next two decades. Ecosystems are shifting and changing, and some--such as the arctic, coral reefs and high elevation habitat--may disappear altogether. This course looks at the ecological, social, and ethical consequences of this biological impoverishment and considers various legal and policy options to address the phenomenon of climate change. The course will address the extent to which laws like the Endangered Species Act of 1973 can be used to address both conventional threats to species as well as the more challenging threat of climate change. International laws such as CITES and the Convention on Biodiversity will also be considered. The course will include a brief review of the policy instruments, such as debt forgiveness and tropical forest preservation that combine habitat conservation and carbon sequestration. Insights from the fields of conservation biology and ecological economics will be integrated into the discussions, and guest speakers will help round out the understanding of the richness and complexity of the issues.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1809
ENV5469http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1810ENV5469Oil and Gas Development and the Environment<div>This course reviews oil and gas regulation, both up and down stream, in the United States and around the world. With an eye toward the hot issue of the day – Fracking, the proposed natural gas pipeline through, Middle East oil reserves and trade, and so forth – this course gives students a clearer understanding of the legal regime that makes the oil and gas exploration, extraction, refining, distribution and sale markets work around the world.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1810
ENV5411http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1811ENV5411Federal Regulation of Food and Agriculture<div>This course provides an overview of the U.S. Farm Bill and other federal laws that impact growing policy, animal husbandry, and food production. Students will examine federal farm and agriculture law with specific emphasis on the Farm Bill and its myriad of agriculture, nutrition and environmental programs. This course will explore the ways in which the Farm Bill, the single largest funding source for everything from childhood nutrition to land trust acquisition, impacts everything from U.S. international policy stances to the availability of local food resources. Students will also examine the Food and Drug Administration’s role in managing food and agricultural concerns in the United States.<br> <strong>Approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f;L0|#0c1e84a47-bc3c-49d5-b923-fcfdf432b28f|Fall 2017 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1811